Sour, yellow, wholesome, tropical - all this epithets characterize lemons well. You know how they look like, how they taste, but do you really know some true information about lemons? Where do they come from? The history of their success on the dining tables in different countries of the world? In fact, if you think better, you`ll understand that these sunny tropical fruit are absolute strangers to you. So, do you want to know about them more? If yes, we will be glad to give you the most interesting lemon info.
Lemons belong to the genus "citrus" as well as tangerines, oranges, grapefruits, wild oranges, pomelos, citrons. These fruit are believed to have originated from India and Southeast Asia. Eventually citrus plants have conquered the Mediterranean region and from that territories they have spread all over the world. Legends say the warriors of Alexander the Great brought lemons in Europe. These bright fruit have been cultivated for many centuries in the Ancient Egypt, Iraq, Sicily, Greece, China. The first records about lemon were made in the Arabic treatise on farming in 10th century. People not only ate lemons, but also used lemon trees as decoration for their houses and gardens.
Nowadays lemons are cultivated in tropical countries or countries with a very hot climate. The undisputed leader of lemon production is India (more than 2,5 million tons), and Mexico got a silver medal with almost 2 million tons. The United States of America is Nr. 5 in the list of the greatest lemon producers. In Russia and in many countries of Europe lemons are not cultivated in production quantities due to unsuitable weather conditions, but many Europeans grow decorative lemon trees at home. You can also grow a lemon tree at home from just one seed, but you should know that this plant will never give you fruit unless you make a grafting. But even without fruit, glossy green leaves of the lemon tree and its graceful twigs will give you much pleasure.
For consumers lemons look like the same, but in fact there are many sorts of lemons such as "Bonnie Brae", "Eureka", "Jhambiri", "Lisbon", "Verna" and etc. We also should mention about sweet lemon. It`s similar in appearance with a simple lemon, but its pulp is very sweet.
Doctors from many countries of the world respect lemons for their ability to help people recover from cold and flu. Indeed, lemon contains a huge dose of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) that boosts our immune system. The wholesome benefits of lemon have been discovered centuries ago. Medieval seamen took lemons aboard to prevent themselves from scurvy. Today with the help of lemon people can fight with spring avitaminosis, rheumatism, quinsy, some gastrointestinal diseases, urolithiasis, hypertension and etc. The most famous doctor of the ancient world Avicenna believed that lemons were a good remedy for heart diseases. In European countries lemons are used to cure stomatitis, gastritis with low acidity, jaundice and some other diseases.
Of course, we know that lemons are wholesome, but in fact we like them not for their wholesomeness. First of all we like their taste. Nowadays only bold spirits can eat a whole lemon at once, though several centuries ago lemons were considered a delicacy. Now we use them as a garnish for meat, fish, tea, and pastry. Diet fans will be glad to know about lemon diet and that lemons contain almost no fat and mainly consist of water. Due to their specific taste lemons are used to avoid salt in dishes.
But the use of lemons is not stinted by culinary and medical spheres. The greatest lemon fans are women. They always try to get more lemon information because they now that these yellow fruit is a magic wand helping get rid of many skin problems. Lemon acid softens skin and reduces pigment spots. Problem skin also likes lemons because they narrow pores and prevent pimples. Lemon juice heals chaps on the skin and cure nail fragility.
In this article we can`t even enumerate all spheres where lemons are used. But we can say that these little gifts of nature will be helpful almost everywhere. Admire them in gardens, add them in food or cosmetics, use them to treat diseases (but before don`t forget to take doctor`s advice). Make experiments and you will see in practice that all these favorable words about lemons are true.
The content of this site is for general information purposes only and does not constitute advice. Do not act upon any information without first seeking appropriate professional advice and consultation.